Year 6


THEME : INVESTIGATING LIVING THINGS
Chapter 1: Interaction Among Living Things


1.1 Understanding that some animals live in groups and others live in solitary.
1.1.1 State that some animals live in groups.
1.1.2 State that some animals live in solitary.
1.1.3 Give examples of animals that live in groups.
1.1.4 Give examples of animals that live in solitary.
1.1.5 Explain why animals live in groups.
1.1.6 Explain why animals live in solitary.
1.1.7 State that cooperation is a form of interaction among animals.

1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things.
1.2.1 State that living things interact with one another in the environment.
1.2.2 State that competition is a form of interaction.
1.2.3 List the factors that animals compete for.
1.2.4 Give reasons why animals compete.
1.2.5 List factors that plants compete for.
1.2.6 Give reasons why plants compete with each other.

1.3 Understanding the responsibility of human beings in protecting endangered species.
1.3.1 Give examples of extinct animals.
1.3.2 Give examples of endangered animals.
1.3.3 Give examples of endangered plants.
1.3.4 Explain why certain animals or plants are facing the threat of extinction.
1.3.5 Suggest ways to prevent animals and plants from extinction.

1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on the environment.
1.4.1 Give examples of environmental destruction caused by humans.
1.4.2 Explain how human activities cause environmental destruction.
1.4.3 Predict what will happen to the Earth if human activities are not controlled.


 INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY
Chapter 2: Force

2.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces.
2.1.1 State that push and pull are forces.
2.1.2 State that force cannot be seen but its effects can be observed.

2.2 Understanding the effects of a force.
2.2.1 State that a force can move a stationary object.
2.2.2 State that a force can change the motion of an object.
2.2.3 State that a force can change the shape of an object.

2.3 Analysing friction.
2.3.1 State that friction is a type of force.
2.3.2 Describe the effects of friction.
2.3.3 Describe ways to reduce friction.
2.3.4 Describe ways to increase friction.
2.3.5 State the advantages of friction.
2.3.6 State the disadvantages of friction.
2.3.7 Conclude that friction occurs when two surfaces are in contact.
2.3.8 Design a fair test to find out how different types of surfaces affect the distance a trolley moves

Chapter 3: Movement


3.1 Understanding speed.
3.1.1 State that an object which moves faster travels a longer distance in a given time.
3.1.2 State that an object which moves faster takes a shorter time to travel a given distance.
3.1.3 State what speed is.
3.1.4 Solve problems using the formula.


INVESTIGATING MATERIALS
Chapter 4: Food Preservation

4.1 Understanding food spoilage.
4.1.1 Describe what spoilt food is.
4.1.2 Identify characteristics of spoilt food.
4.1.3 State that microorganisms can spoil food.
4.1.4 State the conditions for microorganisms to grow.

4.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation.
4.2.1 Describe ways to preserve food.
4.2.2 Give examples of food for each type of food preservation.
4.2.3 Give reasons why each way of food preservation is used.
4.2.4 State what food preservation is.
4.2.5 Design and carry out a project to preserve a given food.

4.3 Realising the importance of preserving food.
4.3.1 Give reasons why we need to preserve food.

Chapter 5: Waste management

5.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment.
5.1.1 Identify types of waste in the environment.
5.1.2 Identify sources of waste.
5.1.3 State the improper ways of waste disposal.
5.1.4 State the proper ways of waste disposal.
5.1.5 Describe the harmful effects of improper waste disposal.
5.1.6 Describe how waste is disposed in a local area.
5.1.7 Suggest ways to improve waste disposal.

5.2 Understanding that some waste can decay.
5.2.I State that certain waste can decay.
5.2.2 Give examples of waste that can decay.
5.2.3 Give examples of waste that do not decay.
5.2.4 State that microorganisms can cause waste materials to decay.
5.2.5 State the advantages of waste decaying.
5.2.6 State the disadvantages of waste decaying.
5.2.7 Predict what will happen to human and the environment if wastes do not decay.

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
Chapter 6: Eclipses

6.1 Understanding the eclipse of the Moon.
6.1.1 State what eclipse of the Moon is.
6.1.2 State the position of the Moon, the Earth and the Sun during the eclipse of the Moon.
6.1.3 Explain why eclipse of the Moon occurs.

6.2 Understanding the eclipse of the Sun.
6.2.1 State what eclipse of the Sun is.
6.2.2 State the position of the Moon, the Earth and the Sun during the eclipse of the Sun.
6.2.3 Explain why eclipse of the Sun occurs.
6.2.4 Predict the scenario on the Earth during the eclipse of the Sun.


INVESTIGATING TECHNOLOGY
Chapter 7: Machine

7.1 Understanding simple machines.
7.1.1 Explain what simple machine is.
7.1.2 State types of simple machines.
7.1.3 Give an example for each type of simple machine.

7.2 Analysing a complex machine.
7.2.1 Identify simple machines in a complex machine.
7.2.2 Conclude that a complex machine is made up of more than one simple machine.
7.2.3 Give examples of complex machines.

7.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier.
7.3.1 Predict how life is without machines.
7.3.2 Explain how machines can make our lives easier.
7.3.3 Design a machine to solve a problem